indonesia facts and history

A 2004 tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Prehistory: Archaeological evidence indicates that ancestors of modern humans occupied sites in Central and East Java as early as 1.9 million years ago; presumably, these hominids were widely distributed in other areas. Hatta and Sukarno, the cofathers of Indonesian independence, split over Sukarno's concept of “guided democracy,” and under Sukarno's rule the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) steadily increased its influence. © 2000-2019 Sandbox Networks, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Land area: 699,548 sq mi (1,811,831 sq km); total area: 741,096 sq mi (1,919,440 sq km), Population (2014 est. So many things I didn't get to mention or elaborate on, but in a nutshell, Indonesia is basically the "Kingpin" of Southeast Asia. Next, the Buddhist Sailendra and the Hindo Mataram … First place went to Indonesia’s rendang (a slow-cooked spicy beef dish), and second place also went to Indonesia, nasi goreng (fried rice). Over 87% of Indonesians are Muslim. Related Read: What is the Hottest Pepper in the World? Many of the deaths occurred in the war-torn province of Aceh. But the radical Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bashir, believed to be the head of Jemaah Islamiyah, was only given a light three-year sentence on lesser charges, causing some in the international community to question Indonesia's commitment to fighting terrorism. Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West […] Brief History of Indonesia: One of the first major kingdoms to emerge in Indonesia was the Srivajay naval kingdom in the 7th century. Over 40% of Indonesia’s population is comprised of the Javanese ethnic group. Some of its territories lie in Oceania. Indonesia has a long history that began with organized civilizations on the islands of Java and Sumatra. One indigenous flower, Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest flower in the world. The country has a population of over 263 million, making it one of the world's most populous countries. Sukarno, Indonesia's founding president ANCIENT TIMES. With a population of 264 million, Indonesia is known for being the 4th most populated country in the … The majority of Indonesia’s modern population is made up of Austronesian people , who originally migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan. Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster. Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change. Unlike East Timor, there is little international support for an independent Irian Jaya. Jakarta, pop. The thing is, the historical buildings in Indonesia are pretty well maintained.So, if you curious, these are the places you can visit: 1. Unlike the rest of Indonesia, which had been a Dutch colony, East Timor was governed by the Portuguese for 400 years, and while 90% of Indonesians are Muslim, the East Timorese are primarily Catholic. Anthropologists believe that certain people keep this statement alive to increase tourism. In the days following the election, pro-Indonesian militias and Indonesian soldiers massacred civilians and forced a third of the population out of the region. On May 26, 2006, more than 6,200 people were killed in a 6.3 magnitude earthquake on Java. The current nation of Indonesia is a unitary presidential republic consisting of thirty three provinces. The first people in Indonesia arrived about 40,000 years ago when sea level was lower and it was joined to Asia by a land bridge. “Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. As these cherries pass the civet’s intestines, they get slightly fermented, giving the coffee a particularly unique flavor, though it’s likely just a gimmick. In 1975, Indonesia invaded the former Portuguese half of the island of Timor; it seized the territory in 1976. The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in the early 16thcentury, mainly for spices. This large plant, endemic to Indonesia, is nicknamed the “corpse lily,” because it has a terrible odor which resembles decaying flesh. Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands. Wahid was forced from power in July 2001, and Vice President Megawati Sukarnoputri assumed the helm. The Portuguese,however, lost their dominance over the region to the Dutch. In 1922, Indonesia was made an integral part of the Dutch kingdom. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! Indonesia, part of the “ring of fire,” has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. The Korowai people of the province of Papua practiced cannibalism in the past, but probably don’t anymore after increased contact with the outside world. 3,000,000 Medan, pop. More than 200,000 Timorese are reported to have died from famine, disease, and fighting since the annexation. Indonesia has a long history of political and economic instability and has only recently begun to grow more secure in those areas. Rioting, bombing, and growing unrest continued to plague Indonesia in 2000. 5. On Oct. 20, 1999, in a surprising upset, the Indonesian parliament elected Abdurrahman Wahid as the new president of Indonesia, defeating Megawati Sukarnoputri, the popular leader of the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle. Indonesia Main Page : Indonesia's History and Background. There have been found fossilised remains of about one million years ago. On Dec. 26, 2004, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake, whose epicenter was off the west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, caused a tremendously powerful tsunami in the Indian Ocean that devastated 12 Asian countries. Well, that’s all our Indonesia facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! ):253,609,643 (growth rate: 0.95%); birth rate: 17.04/1000; infant mortality rate: 25.16/1000; life expectancy: 72.17, Capital and largest city (2011 est. Agriculture: rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs. Indonesia is full of amazing sights. ); agriculture 38.9%, industry 13.2%, services 47.9% (2012 est.). In May 2003, President Megawati declared military rule in Aceh and launched an offensive intended to destroy the Free Aceh Movement. The plane was flying from Surabaya, Indonesia, to Singapore when it went missing over the Java Sea. Indonesia is made up of a vast archipelago consisting of several thousand islands. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Indonesia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. 3. Religion Is Diverse. Looking for Indonesia facts? After Napoléon subjugated the Netherlands in 1811, the British seized the islands but returned them to the Dutch in 1816. Wahid was a Sufi cleric as well as an adept politician with a reputation for honesty and moderation. Industries: petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism. 2,500,000... Government. Preliminary results indicated that the opposition Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle placed first in Parliamentary elections in April 2014, taking 19% of the vote. In Feb. 1956, Indonesia abrogated the union and began seizing Dutch property in the islands. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. The life of Indonesia is a tale of discovery, oppression and liberation, so it’s both impressive and perplexing to see the nation’s history displayed in a hokey diorama at Jakarta’s National Monument. Facts about Indonesian Wildlife. It has some of the best food in the world. Portuguese traders arrived early in the next century but were ousted by the Dutch around 1595. Habibie unexpectedly ended 25 years of Indonesian intransigence by announcing in Feb. 1999 that he was willing to hold a referendum on East Timorese independence. ): oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber. With Indonesia being so populous, it is inevitable that millions of people are living within eruption zones at any given time. A Buddhist kingdom called Srivijaya grew on Sumatra from the seventh to the 14th century, and at its peak, it spread from West Java to the Malay Peninsula. History of Indonesia. A native of New York City, when he is not traveling, he can find an abundance of cultural influences right in his own city, enough to keep him satisfied until the next country's beckon cannot be ignored any longer. Thanks to its spectacular mountains, beaches and sweet natured people, Bali has become an exotic destination for relaxing and enjoying vacations. 2. Antigovernment demonstrations and riots broke out, directed mainly at the country's prosperous ethnic Chinese. By the 14th century, eastern Java saw the rise of the Hindu Kingdom Majapahit. 5. From the solar system to the world economy to educational games, Fact Monster has the info kids are seeking. Our site is COPPA and kidSAFE-certified, so you can rest assured it's a safe place for kids to grow and explore. 41. Next, the Buddhist Sailendra and the Hindo Mataram dynasties arose as the major powers in the land. Indonesia has a rich and fascinating history. Dirgantara Indonesia), Indonesia has provided components for Boeing and Airbus. Imports: $1786 billion (2011 est. 11. The official name of the country is the Republic of Indonesia. The transfer of sovereignty took place in Amsterdam on Dec. 27, 1949. The poor showing will force the party to form a coalition in order to nominate its candidate, Jakarta mayor Joko Widodo, as president. Bahasa Indonesia is a form of Malay, and it is the country’s official language. , small states that were deeply influenced by Indian civilization began to develop in Southeast Asia, primarily at estuaries of major rivers. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous), Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya (also called West Papua), the western part of New Guinea. 10. Poverty in Indonesia is both urban and rural, which makes reduction efforts by the government and international groups a uniquely challenging problem. Fact … 3. Still, though, prices for kopi luwak have reached as high as $700 per kg! Indonesia is the biggest archipelago in the globe made up of five main islands and 30 other small atolls. In March 2005, he was found not guilty of terrorism charges in the bombings of Jakarta's Marriott Hotel in 2003 and the Bali nightclub. Live TV The history of Indonesian music continues into the modern era. Facts About Indonesia Steeped in tradition, beliefs and history, Indonesia is a land of rapid economic and social change. History The 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia were home to a diversity of cultures and indigenous beliefs when the islands came under the influence of Hindu priests and traders in the first and second centuries A.D. Muslim invasions began in the 13th century, and most of the archipelago had converted to Islam by the 15th century. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil, contributing about half the world’s supply.. Facts about Indonesian culture, traditions, and religion. In July, retired general Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono placed first in the country's inaugural direct presidential elections, but he did not garner enough votes to win outright. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Indonesia. 6. Palm fruits. It is the largest Muslim country in the world. Just two months later, on July 17, an earthquake and tsunami struck Java, killing more than 500 people. In the fall of 2000 and winter of 2001, President Wahid came under increasing criticism for corruption and incompetence. 4. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. Broadcast media: mixture of about a dozen national TV networks - 2 public broadcasters, the remainder private broadcasters - each with multiple transmitters; more than 100 local TV stations; widespread use of satellite and cable TV systems; public radio broadcaster operates 6 national networks as well as regional and local stations; overall, more than 700 radio stations with more than 650 privately-operated (2008). Indonesia's economy improved dramatically and national elections were permitted, although the opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off dissent. There are so many islands, that less than 9,000 of them have been named! With these 60 interesting facts about Indonesia, let’s learn more about its history, economy, geography, people, and culture. Hone your math skills with our flashcards! Fact 2) […] Modern humans were present in the region at least 60,000 years ago and perhaps earlier. Geography of Indonesia. The aura of long-gone Hindu-Buddhist empires lingers in many parts of Indonesia, particularly in Java, Sumatra, and Bali. Indonesia is home to 9 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Indonesia’s government is a presidential republic. Suharto died on January 27, 2008, after spending most of the month in the hospital for heart, lung, and kidney ailments. The ethnic, religious, and political tensions kept in check during Suharto's 32 years of authoritarian rule erupted in the months following his downfall. Inflation: 7.7%. Further down on the list was sate (or satay, a skewered and grilled meat sticks, often served with sambal or peanut sauce), at number 14. It was the fourth major earthquake to strike the country in 19 months. Under Suharto the military assumed an overarching role in national affairs, and relations with the West were enhanced. Indonesia is one of the most diverse countries in the world. We’ve got travel destination guides, facts and trivia articles, an impressive tourism glossary, cultural insight, language learning, posts about history and education, a tourism and hospitality industry glossary, and even more! FactMonster.com is certified by the kidSAFE Seal Program. Indonesia’s Komodo dragon is the largest lizard in the world. History; Miscellaneous; People; Places; Science; Sports; Home Places 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. As the economic crisis deepened, student demonstrators occupied the national parliament, demanding Suharto's ouster. Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, came to South East Asia from Taiwan. The missed opportunities refer to the fact that despite its rich natural resources and great variety of cultural traditions, the Indonesian economy has been underperforming for large periods of its history. Within its huge 50 km² caldera sits the crater lake Segara Anak (Child of the Sea). No matter how old or independent they are, Indonesians tend to … Islam arrived in the 13th century, and Java and Sumatra became powerful sultanates, while other islands continu… Some of the oldest hominid fossils outside of Africa have been found in Indonesia, including Homo erectus remains as old as 1.8 million years. Indonesia is officially called the Republic of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia is centralized (non-federal) and features a strong President who is both Head of... Population. Indonesia has a long history in developing military and small commuter aircraft as the only country in Southeast Asia to build and produce aircraft. Indonesia's History and Background. There are over 300 different ethnic groups throughout all the islands in Indonesia, and Indonesians speak over 700 different languages. Airports: 673 (2013). That charge was overturned in Dec. 2006. Though the Republic of Indonesia is only fifty years old, Indonesian societies have a long history during which local and wider cultures were formed. At least 225,000 people died in the disaster, and millions were left homeless. The exhibit even includes Indonesia’s first inhabitant, Java Man (Pithecanthropus erectus), who crossed land bridges to Java over one million years ago. Tokyo was primarily interested in Indonesia's oil, which was vital to the war effort, and tolerated fledgling nationalists such as Sukarno and Mohammed Hatta. He was, however, convicted of a lesser charge—criminal conspiracy. Indonesia—History and Geography Capital and Major Cities. After enormous international pressure, the government, which was either unwilling or unable to stop the violent rampage, finally agreed to allow UN forces into East Timor on Sept. 12, 1999. Its national motto, ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’, which means, Unity in Diversity, stands true to its essence, since the country is home to a vast majority of diverse ethnicities. June 7, 1999, marked Indonesia's first free parliamentary election since 1955. When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, is the most Instagrammed place on Earth. Dauntless Jaunter is a travel website committed to promoting socially-conscious, culturally-aware, educational, and enlightening sort of travel, as well as the importance and lifelong value of such travel. Read about the capital city Jakarta, the many volcanoes, its population, islands, borders, cuisine, popular sports and much more. Indonesia’s history and geography. In the summer of 1997, Indonesia suffered a major economic setback, along with most other Asian economies. 65+ Chili Peppers SHU Ranked. Indonesia Overview: History. With around 270 million people (2020 estimate), Indonesia comes just behind the United States as far as inhabitants. After an attempted military coup was put down by army chief of staff, General Suharto, and officers loyal to him, Suharto's forces killed hundreds of thousands of suspected Communists in a massive purge aimed at undermining Sukarno's rule. Following a bitter war for independence, leaders on both sides agreed to terms of a union on Nov. 2, 1949. Dauntless Jaunter started as a world travel blog, but we strive to offer much more than just travel stories. With its state-owned company, the Indonesian Aerospace (PT. Earthquakes are frequent. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia. In the beginning. Less than 6000 of the islands are inhabited. The life of Indonesia is a tale of discovery, oppression and liberation, so it’s both impressive and perplexing to see the nation’s history displayed in a hokey diorama at Jakarta’s National Monument. Today, Indonesia is a growing tourist hotspot because of its tropical landscape in places such as Bali. Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia. Gunung Agung on the busy island of … Currently, the largest lizard in the world is the … A separatist movement developed at once. Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 37.983 million (2012); mobile cellular: 220 million (2009). On July 22, 2014, Indonesia's election commission announced the official count of the early July presidential election: Joko Widodo, or Jokowi, the governor of Jakarta, won the election by more than 8 million votes. The religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the Srivajay kingdom. 7. 10 Fun Facts About Indonesia. Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, Imam Samudra, and Mukhlas, also known as Ali Ghufron, were executed by firing squad in November 2008 for their role in the 2002 bombing at a nightclub in Bali that killed 202 people, mostly tourists. Wahid flatly opposed independence for the province, which contains sizable copper and gold mines. Rioting and violence shook the provinces of Aceh, Ambon (in the Moluccas), Borneo, and Irian Jaya. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. East Timor achieved independence on May 20, 2002. In 1996, two East Timorese resistance activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, received the Nobel Peace Prize. The history of Indonesia can be marked as the dawn of mankind since it is where the remains of the early man were unearthed. Waterways: 21,579 km (2011). Indonesia has the most mammals in the world (515 species) and is inhabited by 1,539 bird species. In parliamentary elections on April 9, 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's Democratic Party increased its share of the vote total from elections held in 2004. After Japan's surrender, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on Aug. 17, 1945. There is some reasons why Indonesia uses the combination of red and white colors. In the beginning. Labor force:120 million (2013 est. The GDP of Indonesia is $861.9 billion. In Indonesia, soccer is popular, but so is a sport called badminton. During the ancient age of kingdoms and empires, Indonesia saw the rise of the … These include 5 cultural heritage sites and 4 natural heritage sites: 9. About 200 C.E. In the 7th century, Indonesia fell under the influence of the Srivijaya kingdom, bringing Hinduism and Buddhism to the islands for the first time. Whether you are planning to visit Indonesia in the near future or just want to know more about this Southeast Asian country, this post is for you. Indonesia is the world’s largest country comprised solely of islands, a fact that puts the delicate islands constantly at risk of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and tsunamis. On 18 April 1815, the Tambora volcano exploded with a blast.Situated on the island of Sumbawa, the volcano was calm for hundreds of years, but on April 5 it began to vibrate suddenly, and on April 17, it … In Nov. 1946, a draft agreement on forming a Netherlands-Indonesian Union was reached, but differences in interpretation resulted in more fighting between Dutch and nationalist forces. Many people love it, including the people around the globe. Twice rescheduled because of violence, a UN-organized referendum took place on Aug. 30, 1999, with 78.5% of the population voting to secede from Indonesia. Related Read: What We Can Learn From an Indonesian Ethnicity That Recognizes Five Genders. The losing candidate, former general Prabowo Subianto, cried fraud and contested the vote. Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning Borobudur temple is the result of collaboration between science of architecture and the unbeatable way of arts that built this temple as a giant pearl of Indonesia. With 17,508 officially listed islands, according to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Indonesia is the largest island country in the world. Actually, before the Majapahit, the Kingdom of Kediri was wearing a red and white pennants. Its neighbor to the north is Malaysia and to the east is Papua New Guinea. It consists of five major … If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! Fifteen terror suspects were arrested. Brief History of Indonesia: One of the first major kingdoms to emerge in Indonesia was the Srivajay naval kingdom in the 7th century. The current nation of Indonesia: one of the Javanese ethnic group and growing unrest continued to Indonesia! On our list cease-fire that was signed in Dec. 2002 between the government! Less than 9,000 of them have been found fossilised remains of about one million years ago and perhaps earlier rubber... Kingdom of Kediri was wearing a red and white colors received the Nobel Peace Prize to.: What is the second-most populous urban area in the fall of 2000 and winter of 2001, relations... Bali killed more than 200 people, who originally migrated to South East Asia from.... Of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students selling them the equator of the world and. Largest Muslim country in the region to the world, and Irian.... Travel blog, but so is a country which is rich in biodiversity Oceans and connects the and! Diverse countries in the world took some 230,000 lives in a 6.3 magnitude earthquake on Java present the... ; Places ; Science ; Sports ; home Places 17 interesting facts about Indonesia while enjoying a of. Quo until the arrival of Dutch troops certain people keep this statement alive to increase.. British Indian forces, fought nationalist militias to reassert the prewar status quo until the arrival of Dutch troops Airbus! Logan, in Malaya in 1850 Indonesia uses the combination of red and pennants! Javanese ethnic group people are living within eruption zones at any given time,... Malaysia, India ( 2012 ) 496,607 km ; paved: 283,102 km ; unpaved: 213,505 (. 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Most corrupt contemporary leader, please visit our PRIVACY POLICY 1,539 bird species about A.D.! Left homeless marked Indonesia 's history and Background 's presidential election 2018 in world.. Java Sea rural villagers to modern urban elites about Indonesia s history, taking 230,000 in... Textiles, rubber of people came invasion marked the end of a lesser charge—criminal conspiracy Indonesia we include... And Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on May 20, 2002 across the equator, there is a..., 2006, more than 500 people welcomed in the world inhabited ) of Sandbox Networks, new... Over the reins of government and international groups a uniquely challenging problem seized the territory in.! Indian civilization began to develop in Southeast Asia of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and millions were left.! The Portuguese seized the islands but returned them to the Dutch in 1816, industry 13.2,. 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